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樓主  發表于: 2018-10-30   
來源于 醫學考博英語聽力 分類

2019年醫學考博英語聽力技巧大全

醫學考博英語聽力部分的話題都是與醫學相關的,涉及到的醫學詞匯也相對專業和復雜。醫學專業詞匯通常詞形較長,音節較多,而freekaobo接觸醫學英語時又處在大學高年級及研究生階段,對詞匯的把握已不再注重讀音訓練,但是這并不意味著我們高級階段的醫學生可以忽視這種練習。 #2vG_B<M)  
v^18o$=K",  
  在平時學習的學習中,應對照詞典音標,有意識的培養自己對詞形長、難記憶的醫學詞匯的辨音能力。例如: >RqT7n8h  
  ◇Last summer I was working in Washington,D.C. as an intern at the Armed Forces Institute of Pathology. +i_f.Ipp  
  ◇I'm Dr.Hall,a dermatologist,and tonight I will be speaking about the effects ofstress on the skin. QGz3id6  
  ◇In fluenza often strikes people who are overtired,stressed-out and not eating nutritious foods. xE-` Bb  
  在閱讀中,有些專業醫學詞匯對于我們醫學考博的考生來說并不生疏,但往往成為我們聽力理解的障礙。我們平時學習英語都有這樣的體會,能看懂的東西不一定能聽懂,在大腦中沒有建立起相應的聽覺形象。所以考生在復習時要注意這類詞匯的把握。這類詞還有: FZ.z'3I  
  achromatopsia n.色盲 1 > @|  
  acne n.痤瘡,粉刺 K\E]X\:  
  ague n.瘧疾;寒戰 f}ij=Y9  
  請考生據此,并結合個人的實際情況,注意將詞匯分類總結,可參照“醫學博士英語統一考試詞匯表”進行歸納復習。 f, j(uP  
  比如我們可以這樣分類總結:①常見疾病名稱:measles麻疹;otitis耳炎;meningitis,腦(脊)膜炎;②醫院設施及設備、工具:gauze紗布;ward病房;③診療方案:percuss叩診;palpation觸診;tomography.斷層X線照相術;④組織器官:waist腰,腰部;ventricle心室;retina視網膜;⑤醫學分科名稱:microbiology微生物學;orthopedics骨科學。 ?O>JtEz~lQ  
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  文本規律(語法特點) 2#A9D.- h  
  聽力訓練的一個階段是聽懂“語法”,也就是聽者在長期的語言學習中對句子、篇章的結構形成的印象。在聽力測試時,這種印象會幫助我們預知下文可能出現的句式和情景邏輯。而這種能力的形成無疑要依賴于對句中和篇章中的過渡關聯詞的準確把握。 (Rg!km%2T  
  英語是一種表音文字,其語音、構詞或者造句都不同于漢語。學習英語必須將感性認識提高到理性認識,并利用語言的規律性來指導語言的實踐。語法是語言的組織規律。掌握一定的語法知識,對于正確理解語意,提高英語聽力水平大有好處。通常看不懂句子的結構就無法了解句意,更不用說聽懂復雜的長句了。沒有語意方面的知識,就無法意識到篇章內的不同組成部分之間在意義上的聯系 +ET  
  注意篇章中的關聯過渡詞,也就是把文章包含的幾個意群連接起來的詞或短語,用英文表示為"organization words",比如:first,then,next,after that,and finally。章就是靠著這些關聯過渡語句,形成了自己獨特的風格,若掌握了這些規律,就可以在聽短文時做到心中有數,能很好地順應作者的邏輯。 )7%]<2V%  
  例文1: iK:qPrk-  
  Now that l have extracted your tooth,l want to give you some words of advice.Remember that this is surgery. You need to go home and rest for the rest of the day. You shouldn't do our regular work. Since you're an adult,it might take you longer to heal than if you were a child. nMdN$E  
  The numbness will wear off after a few hours,and if it's painful after that,you should take two aspirins. X%1.mTU~K  
  Now,the most important,thing to remember is to apply ice to your cheek immediately when you get home. Y {|~A  
  This will keep the swelling down. QOy&!6  
  You can use an ice bag or put chopped ice in a towel. Qg$Nj=Cw  
  Hold it to your cheek over the extraction area for 20 minutes,and then take it off for 20 minutes.Keep this up for 4 or 5 hours. {1U*: @j  
  Secondly,don't rinse your mouth today. i\4"FO?v  
  Tomorrow you should rinse your mouth gently every three or four hours with salt water.Put about a quarter of a teaspoon of salt in a glass of warm water.Continue this rinsing for several days. ?CZD^>6  
  Don't be alarmed if there is some bleeding this morning. A little bleeding is normal following an extraction.I've put absorbent cotton over the extraction,and l will give you some to take home.Change the pads about a half hour after you get home. k^\ &.63(  
  That's all you need to do. W HLKf  
  Call me anytime if you have a lot of bleeding or pain.And remember to apply ice right away. ]`H.qV  
  分析: lR2;g:&H  
  從第一段中我們可以聽到“l want to give you some words of advice”,后文中作者就會將他的建議一一說出,聽者要有思想準備。第二段中,雖然沒有"first"這樣的字眼,但我們聽到了“the most important thing”,即“首要的”;進而我們又聽到了“secondly”,最后有“That's a11”作為文章的結尾。這樣聽下來,我們回憶起文章的脈絡就十分清晰。 U7%pOpO!  
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例文2: 6$<o^Ha*R  
  A balanced diet contains proteins,which are composed of complex amino acids.There are 20 Types Of amino acides, consisting of about 16 percent of the body weight in a lean indiVidua1.A body needs all 20 to be healthy. Amino acids can be divided into two groups: essential and nonessential.There are 9 essential amino acids. These are the proteins that the body cannot reduce by itself,so a healthy individual must consume them. The 11 nonessential amino acids,on the other hand, are produced by the body. So it is not necessary to ingest them. Proteins are described as being either high—quality or low-quality, depending on how many of the 9 essential amino acids the food contains.High—quality proteins,typically found in animal meats,are proteins that have ample amounts of the essential amino acids.Since people who follow a strict vegetarian diet are ingesting only low-quality proteins,they must make sure that their diets contain a variety of proteins,in order to ensure that what is lacking in one food is available in another.This Process of selecting a variety of the essential proteins is called protein comple-mentation.Since an insufficient amount of protein in the diet can be crippling,and prolonged absences f proteins can cause death, it is essential that a vegetarian diet contain an ample amount of the essential proteins. J9c3d~YW  
  分析: 湖北30选5第152期